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Nigeria Tenancy Agreement – Your Guide to Writing a Comprehensive Rent and Lease Agreement

If you`re a landlord or a tenant in Nigeria, having a tenancy agreement in place is essential. A tenancy agreement is a legally binding contract that outlines the terms and conditions of a lease or rental agreement. When properly drafted, it protects the rights and interests of both parties involved, and prevents disputes that may arise during the lease period.

In this article, we`ll highlight the essential elements of a comprehensive Nigeria tenancy agreement.

Description of premises

The tenancy agreement should provide a detailed description of the property being leased or rented, including the address and any additional features. It should also state whether the property will be furnished or unfurnished.

Duration of the tenancy

The duration of the tenancy should be clearly stated. This includes the start and end date of the lease, and whether it`s a fixed-term or a periodic agreement. If the agreement is for a fixed term, the parties should agree on how the tenancy will be renewed or terminated at the end of the term.

Rent and deposit

The tenancy agreement should specify the amount of rent payable, the frequency of payment, and the means of payment. It should also outline the consequences of late payment, such as late fees or termination of the lease. The security deposit should also be specified, including the amount and whether it`s refundable.

Obligations of the landlord

The landlord should provide the tenant with a habitable dwelling free from any hazardous or dangerous conditions. The landlord should also ensure that all appliances, plumbing, and electrical systems are in good working order. Any repairs or maintenance required during the tenancy should be addressed by the landlord within a reasonable time frame.

Obligations of the tenant

The tenant should use the property for residential purposes only and comply with all applicable laws and regulations. The tenant should also keep the property in good condition and refrain from any behavior that may cause damage to the property or disturb other tenants.

Termination of the tenancy

The tenancy agreement should outline the circumstances under which the tenancy may be terminated, such as non-payment of rent, breach of the agreement, or expiry of the lease term. It should also state the notice period required for termination.

Dispute resolution

In the event of a dispute between the landlord and the tenant, the tenancy agreement should outline the process for resolving the issue, such as mediation or arbitration.


A comprehensive Nigeria tenancy agreement is essential for protecting the rights and interests of both landlords and tenants. It should cover all the essential elements of the lease or rental agreement, including the duration of the tenancy, rent and deposit, obligations of the landlord and tenant, termination of the tenancy, and dispute resolution. By following these guidelines, landlords and tenants can avoid potential disputes and enjoy a smooth and hassle-free tenancy.